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Ministère de l’Eau et de l’Energie

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Ministry of Water Resources and Energy

FR / EN

Le MINEE A LONDRES

 

Dr. Basile Atangana Kouna
Minister of Water Resources and Energy
Chair person of the Council of Ministers of the Pan African Agency for Water and Sanitation in Africa.


No emergence without energy or water. This observation, which sounds more like a maxim, was made during the 6th joint meeting of African Ministers of Economy, Finance and Development Planning in Abidjan from 21 to 27 March 2013. It was recognized that Africa can achieve emergence by 15 to 20 years, thanks to the local processing of its agricultural and mineral resources. And yet, electricity remains the driving force behind any industrialization. This shows the central role of the Ministry of Water Resources and Energy in Cameroon’s march towards its development, its emergence.
Cameroon’s new energy vision is, thus, presented in this context. The onus is on us to quickly bridge the gap through the thermal solution, in order to put an end to power cuts by positioning thermal power as a supplementary source for the current production of AES/SONEL, itself plagued by dilapi-dated facilities. This justifies the commissioning, in late 2009, of the 86-MW capacity Yassa Dibamba heavy fuel oil thermal plant; the implementation of the Emergency Thermal Power Programme (ETPP), with the installation of four plants of a total capacity of 100 MW in Bamenda (20 MW), Mbalmayo (10 MW), Ebolowa (10 MW) and Yaounde-Ahala (60 MW); the construction of the 216-MW capacity (extendable to 330 MW) Kribi natural gas-fired thermal plant. These facilities are already operational and their production is directly injected into the South Interconnected Grid (SIG), as requested by AES/SONEL.
In our quest to bridge the current gap between supply and demand by enterprises and house-holds, we aim to triple our production by the year 2020 and, thus, step up the installed capacity to 3000 MW. The big overarching projects in the field of hydroelectricity and that of new energies make a con-tribution to this effect. Several construction sites have been launched and are well advanced. We can mention the construction and commissioning of an impounding dam of nearly 7 billion m3 in Lom Pan-gar to regulate River Sanaga’s flow. Thanks to its 6 billion m3 water reservoir, Lom Pangar is expected to boost the generating capacity of downstream hydroelectric dams on River Sanaga, such as that of Song Loulou. The construction of a 30-MW power plant is planned at Lom Pangar to supply the entire East Region; the 201-MW Memve’ele hydroelectric dam project on River Ntem, and the construction of the Mekin mini-hydroelectric plant on River Dja (15 MW). Several other similar projects are planned in the medium and more or less long terms. These are the hydroelectric dams of Chollet (East), Bini à Wa-rak (Adamawa), Menchum and Katsina (North-West), Noun-Wouri (Littoral), etc.
New and renewable energies also offer us an important operational field for electricity generation. Two photovoltaic solar energy plants, of 500 MW each, will soon be constructed, within the framework of public/private partnership with the FIDES GESTION group and the Chinese HUAWEI company; the plants will primarily supply secondary towns and rural areas.
These solar systems will come to strengthen the action taken by the Rural Energy Fund (REF) to develop infrastructure for supply of energy services to the population of rural areas.
Such is our vision in the institutional role assigned to the Ministry of Water Resources and Energy (MINEE). Stay the course, remain hopeful!

OUR MISSIONS

  • Preparation of government water and energy supply strategies and plans;
  • Water prospecting, exploration and exploitation in the urban and rural area;
  • Quantity and quality improvement of water and energy production;
  • Promotion of investments in the water and energy sectors;
  • Promotion of new energies;
  • Regulation of water use in agricultural, industrial and health activities;
  • Monitoring of groundwater management;
  • Monitoring of water basin management;
  • Monitoring of the downstream petroleum and gas sector as well as regulatory companies in the water and energy sector.

INSTITUTIONS AND COMPANIES UNDER OUR SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY

  • Cameroon Water Utilities Corporation (Camwater);
  • Electricity Development Corporation (EDC );
  • Rural Electrification Agency (AER);
  • Electricity Sector Regulatory Agency (ARSEL );
  • Cameroon Petroleum Depots Corporation (SCDP);
  • National Refinery Corporation (SONARA);
  • HYDROMEKIN.

CAMEROON’S WATER AND ENERGY POTENTIAL
A hydrographic network made up of watercourses and natural and artificial lakes.
Cameroon is drained by five water basins: the Lake Chad, Niger, Congo, and Sanaga Basins and that of coastal rivers. Cameroon boasts of significant water resources: rainfall varies between 561.1 m in Makari in the Lake Chad Basin to 9763.9 m in Debundscha in the coastal river basin. Cameroon’s surface water resources stand at 267.88 km3, distributed among the above-mentioned five basins.
ACCESS RATES

  • Access to energy: access of households and economic operators to energy will be im-proved by increasing access rates to electricity and cooking gas, as well as the share of re-newable energies in the energy mix available for consumption from 49%, 17% and 0.5% in 2013 to 57%, 20% and 3% in 2016, respectively;
  • Access to drinking water and liquid sanitation: this programme’s objective is to im-prove access by households and economic operators to drinking water and liquid sanitation by increasing the rates of access to drinking water and improved individual sanitation from 60% and 37% in 2013 to 70% and 44% in 2016 respectively.

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